can only be obtained from diet and supplementation.
Sources of omega- 3 and - 6 include oily fish, such as
salmon and mackerel; flax, borage and evening primrose
oils; green, leafy vegetables; and some plant seed oils, such
as grape seed oil.
EFAs are responsible for the production of
prostaglandins, which are important in wound-healing
and regulation of the inflammatory response. They
also promote a permeable cell membrane for the active
and passive cell transfer of nutrients and wastes, and
enhance barrier function, which retards transepidermal
water loss (TEWL). 6
Visible signs of EFA deficiency in the skin include:
• Skin that is unresponsive to treatment;
Recommend a consistent, substantial intake
of fluids, preferably plain, filtered water. The
recommended amount of water is approximately 64
ounces per day. Advise clients to avoid juices and sodas
with a high sugar content.
Hydration is a key element for all processes in the
dermal and epidermal layers of the skin. Free water
that is made available through proper hydration will
affect the function of different enzyme activities in the
dermal and epidermal layers. Lack of hydration will
slow down enzymatic processes in the skin.
In the dermal layer, these enzymes are responsible
for the removal and replacement of new tissue. In the
epidermal layer, the enzymes are required for normal
desquamation to take place.
Supplement recommendations depend on clients’
individual food intake and habits. By carefully
analyzing a client’s dietary habits, you may be able
to make recommendations based on which nutrients
they lack. It is important that you recommend
clients contact their physician before starting a new
supplement program. Also, be able to refer a qualified
nutritionist they can work with to help get their intake
on track. Generally, the supplements most beneficial for
skin include the following.
• Antioxidants—remember, food is the best source
of antioxidants that protect against free-radical
• Hyaluronic acid
• Vitamin A
• Vitamin C